Objections to using interventions that are advocated based on a certain set of standards for an organization are that “individuals are treated as a set of problems rather than the unique and unpredictable people that they are” (Shlonsky, Noonan, Littell, & Montgomery, 2011, p. 363). Also, that practitioners use interventions that they are not comfortable with using, that choice is taken out of their hands. In addition, there is a need for better efficiency in researching and appraising data in deciding interventions (Shlonsky, Noonan, Littell, & Montgomery, 2011, p. 363).
Systematic reviews are an answer to these needs. Systematic reviews use “scientific methods for identifying, analysing (sic) and synthesizing quantitative evidence from existing studies in order to summarise (sic) results and allow readers to draw conclusions about the totality of research in a given area of work” (Shlonsky, Noonan, Littell, & Montgomery, 2011, p. 363). Examples of systematic reviews are the Campbell Collaboration and the Cochrane Collaboration (Rubin & Babbie, 2013, p 26-28). Using these reviews may be the best starting point, especially for researching students who are new to professional research.
Shlonsky, A., Noonan, E., Littell, J., & Montgomery, P. (2011). The role of systematic reviews and the Campbell Collaboration in the realization of evidence-informed practice. Clinical Social Work Journal, 39(4), 362-368. doi:10.1007/s10615-010-0307-0
Rubin, A., & Babbie, E. (2013). Brooks/Cole empowerment series: Essential research methods for social work. (3rded.). Australia: Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning.
Tarleton State University